Carlton Mark Waterhouse

Professor of Law and Dean's Fellow

Indiana University Robert H. McKinney School of Law
Lawrence W. Inlow Hall, Room 225
530 W. New York Street
Indianapolis, IN 46202-3225

Phone: (317) 274-8055



B.S., 1988, Pennsylvania State University
J.D. with honors, 1991, Howard University School of Law
M.T.S. with honors, 1999, Emory University, Candler School of Theology
Ph.D. with honors, 2006, Emory University


Property, seminar in law & justice, hazardous waste law, and environmental law and administrative law


Professor Carlton Waterhouse joined the faculty as Associate Professor in the fall of 2010. Professor Waterhouse is nationally recognized for his work on environmental justice and is known internationally for his research and writing on reparations for historic injustices and state human rights violations. His views have been published in the Wall Street Journal online and his articles have appeared in prestigious law journals including the Pennsylvania Journal of International Law, the Fordham Environmental Law Review, and the Rutgers Law Review. He attended college at the Pennsylvania State University where he studied engineering and the ethics of technology before deciding to pursue a legal education. He is a graduate of Howard University School of Law, where he was admitted as one of its distinctive Merit Fellows. While in law school, he was selected for an internship with the Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law where he participated in the preliminary formation and development of the Civil Rights Act of 1992.

After law school, he began his career as an attorney with the United States Environmental Protection Agency where he served in the Office of Regional Counsel in Atlanta, Georgia and the Office of General Counsel in Washington, D.C. At the EPA, he served as the chief counsel for the agency in several significant cases and as a national and regional expert on environmental justice, earning three of the Agency’s prestigious national awards. His responsibilities at the EPA included enforcement actions under numerous environmental statutes, the development of regional and national policy on Environmental Justice and the application of the Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to the EPA permitting actions. Following a successful nine-year career with the EPA, Professor Waterhouse enrolled in a Ph.D. program in the Emory University Graduate School of Arts and Sciences as one of the select George W. Woodruff Fellows. The previous year, he graduated with honors from the Candler School of Theology at Emory University with a Master of Theological Studies degree. In 2006, he graduated from Emory with a Ph.D. in Social Ethics.

In addition to teaching courses on property law, administrative law, and environmental law, Professor Waterhouse teaches seminars on environmental justice and on political reconciliation and reparations that address the unique relationship between law and social ethics. Professor Waterhouse is the recipient of multiple student awards as a teacher and mentor. He is an active member of the National Bar Association and serves as the Vice Chairperson of the organization’s Law Professors Division.



Books and Chapters

  • Failed Plans and Planned Failures: The Lower Ninth Ward, Hurricane Katrina, and the Continuing Story of Environmental Injustice, in Hurricane Katrina: America's Unnatural Disaster (Jeremy I. Levitt & Matthew C. Whitaker, eds., U. Neb. Press 2009) (invited chapter).
  • Reparations, in Encyclopedia of the African Diaspora: Origins, Experiences, and Culture (ABC-CLIO 2008) (invited contribution).
  • Environmental Justice, in Encyclopedia of the African Diaspora: Origins, Experiences, and Culture (ABC-CLIO 2008) (invited contribution).
  • Engaging Environmental Justice, in Global Economy: Strategies for Home, Community, and World (Westminster John Knox Press 2006) (invited chapter).

Law Review and Journal Articles

  • Environmental Justice: A Deadly Symptom of Larger Problems, 3 Journal of Healthcare, Science and the Humanities 102 (2013) (Peer Reviewed)
  • A Response to Legal Punishment as Civic Ritual, 82 MISS L.J. 59 (2013)
  • Dr. King's Speech: Surveying the Landscape of Law and Justice in the Speeches, Sermons, and Writings of Dr. Martin Luther King Junior, 30 LAW & INEQ. (2012)
  • Total Recall: Restoring the Public Memory of Enslaved African-Americans and the American System of Slavery Through Rectificatory Justice and Reparations, 14 J. GENDER RACE & JUST. 703 (2011)
  • No Reparations Without Taxation, 7 PITT. TAX REV. (2010) (peer reviewed) (with Professor Andre Smith).
  • The Good, The Bad, And The Ugly: Moral Agency And The Role of Victims in Reparations Programs, 31 U. PA. J. INT’L. L. 257 (2009).
  • Follow the Yellow Brick Road: Perusing the Path to Constitutionally Permissible Reparations for Slavery and Jim Crow Era Governmental Discrimination, 62 RUTGERS L. REV. 163 (2009).
  • Abandon All Hope Ye That Enter? Equal Protection, Title VI, and the Divine Comedy of Environmental Justice, 20 FORDHAM ENVTL. L. REV. 51 (2009).
  • Avoiding Another Step in a Series of Unfortunate Legal Events: A Consideration of Black Life Under Law from 1619 to 1972 and a Challenge to Prevailing Notions of Legally Based Reparations, 26 BOS. C. THIRD WORLD L.J. 207 (2006).

Book Reviews

  • John Witte, Jr., The Reformation of Rights: Law, Religion and Human Rights in Early Modern Calvinism Am. J. Leg. Hist. (2010).
  • Cornelius L. Bynum, A. Phillip Randolph and the Struggle for Civil Rights Indiana Magazine of History (2012).

Other Publications

  • The Full Price of Freedom: African Americans’ Shared Responsibility to Repair the Harms of Slavery and Segregation (2006). (dissertation)


  • Environmental Justice: Not the Problem but a Symptom, Public Health Ethics Intensive Course, Tuskegee Alabama, April 2012
  • Reparations, Religion, and Public Memory, National Bar Association Law and Religion Section 3rd Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL, April 2012
  • The Past, Present, and Future of Environmental Justice, Keynote Speaker, Florida A&M Law Review Symposium, Orlando, FL, November 2011
  • Dr. King’s Speech, LatCrit XVI, San Diego, CA, October 2011
  • The Political Morality of Governments, The Episteme Lecture, Indianapolis, IN, October 2011
  • The Letter From Birmingham Jail: From Whom, To Whom? Keynote Speaker, Twentieth Annual Journal of Law and Religion Symposium, St. Paul, MN, September 2011
  • Reparations, Religion, and Repairing Public Memory, National Bar Association, Baltimore, MD, August 2011
  • Restoring Public Memory and Reparations, Southeastern Association of Law Schools, Palm Beach, FL, July 2011
  • EJ Plan 2014: Symbolism or Substance, Southeast/Southwest - Midwest People of Color Legal Scholarship Conference, Fort Lauderdale, FL April 2011
  • Total Recall: Public Memory and Reparations, Drexel University School of Law, Philadelphia, PA February 2011
  • Reparations and Recollection, Saint Louis University School of Law Reparations Roundtable, St. Louis, MO, January 2011
  • The More Things Change…How Political Dilemmas and Economic Realities Impede Restitution and Redress, Law, Culture, Constitutionalism, and Governance, Cape Town, South Africa, December 2010
  • Rectificatory Justice, Reparations, and the Public Memory of Slavery, Third National People of Color Legal Scholarship Conference, Seton Hall, New Jersey, September 2010
  • Environmental Justice and Title VI, National Bar Association, New Orleans, LA, August 2010
  • EPA’s Climate Change Agenda, Southeastern Association of Law Schools Annual Meeting, West Palm Beach, Florida, August 2010
  • Complex Racial Equality, Southeastern Association of Law Schools Annual Meeting, West Palm Beach, Florida, Invited Panelist
  • The Challenges of Denominational Representation, National Bar Association, San Diego, California, Invited Panelist
  • Complex Racial Equality, Southeastern Association of Law Schools Annual Meeting, West Palm Beach, Florida, August 2009
  • No Reparations Without Taxation, Critical Race Theory at 20, University of Iowa Law School, Iowa City, Iowa, Presenter
  • Why President Elect Obama is Wrong About Reparations, Florida Junior Faculty Forum, Stetson University College of Law, St. Petersburg, FL, Presenter
  • The Victim’s Perspective in Reparations Programs, Southeastern Association of Law Schools Annual Meeting, West Palm Beach, Florida, Invited Panelist
  • From Integration to Reparations, Dickstein & Shapiro, Wash., D.C., Featured Speaker
  • Environmental Justice and Environmental Ethics, American Academy of Religion, Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, Invited Panelist
  • Twelfth Annual Latina/o Critical Theory Conference, Florida International University, Miami, Florida, Commentator
  • Coloreds Need Not Apply, Southeastern Association of Law Schools Annual Meeting, Amelia Island, Florida, Invited Panelist
  • Stand Together or Fall Apart, Washington Bar Association Annual Law Day,Washington, D.C., Keynote Speaker
  • Theology and Social Economics, Association of American Law Schools Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C., Invited Panelist
  • The Future of Civil Rights, National Bar Association, Wiley Branton Issues Symposium and Board of Governors Meeting, Invited Panelist
  • Law, Economics and Race, Southeastern Association of Law Schools Annual Meeting, West Palm Beach, Florida, Invited Panelist
  • Socio-Economic Perspectives on Black Reparations, Association of American Law Schools Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C., Invited Panelist
  • The Good the Bad and the Ugly: the Importance of Moral Agency in Reparations Programs, Comparative Constitutionalism, Durban, South Africa, Invited Panelist
  • Neither Bootstrap nor Springboard: Institutional Development as Racial Reparation, Tenth Annual Latina/o Critical Theory Conference, San Juan, Puerto Rico, Presenter
  • The Virtues of Environmental Justice Activism, Power USA Inc., Miami, Florida, Featured Speaker
  • Black Life Under the American Legal System from 1619-1972, Florida International University College of Law, Miami, Florida, Presenter