Tracy D. Gunter

Associate Professor Clinical Psychiatry, Division of Forensic Psychiatry,
Department of Psychiatry, Indiana University School of Medicine

Adjunct Professor, IU Robert H. McKinney School of Law
Phone: (317) 963-7300


Baccalauerus Artium et Scientiae, 1985, University of South Carolina
M.D., 1990, University of South Carolina School of Medicine


Neuroscience and Law


Dr. Gunter is Associate Professor of Clinical Psychiatry in Indiana University’s Department of Psychiatry, and Adjunct Professor at the Indiana University McKinney School of Law where she teaches Neuroscience and Law. She is board-certified in general and forensic psychiatry. She earned her medical degree from the University of South Carolina, where she also completed forensic psychiatry training. She was Director of the Forensic Evaluation Service for the SC Department of Mental Health. She received the University of South Carolina Neuropsychiatry Department Chairman’s Excellence Award for her work in forensic psychiatry.

She then became Director of Forensic Psychiatry at the University of Iowa’s Carver College of Medicine in 2003 and was a frequent national and international speaker in mental health and law. During her time at Saint Louis University, as Associate Professor of Psychiatry in Law, she developed a mental health law curriculum for the St. Louis University School of Law and participated in Health Law Scholars Workshops. Her interest in problem solving courts resulted in interdisciplinary collaborations with professors of social work, criminal justice, and law working on a grant examining mental health courts in Missouri.

As a clinician, Dr. Gunter has been named in “Best Doctors in America” for several years. She has consulted on over 1500 cases in criminal and civil litigation, including probate and employment matters. Her long-term goal is to develop a multidisciplinary center devoted to education, research, and service in the area of mental health and neuro law. ("Knowledge of Neuroscience Practices Can Help Lawyers Better Advocate for Clients," July 2012)


Law Review and Journal Articles

  • *Gunter, T.D., Chibnall, J., Antoniak, S.K., Philibert, R.A., Black, D.W. (2013): Childhood trauma, traumatic brain injury, and mental health disorders associated with suicidal ideation and suicide related behavior in a community corrections sample. Journal American Academy Psychiatry and Law 41(2)
  • *Gunter, T.D., Chibnall, J., Antoniak, S.K., McCormick, B., Black, D.W. (2012): Relative contributions of gender and traumatic life experience in the prediction of mental disorders in a sample of incarcerated offenders. Behavioral Sciences & the Law 30 (5); 615–630
  • *Gunter, T.D., Chibnall, J., Antoniak, S.K. (2011): Predictors of suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, and non lethal self harm in a community corrections sample. Journal of Criminal Justice 39(3); 238-245
  • *Beach, S.R., Brody, G., Todorov, A.A., Gunter, T.D., Philibert, R.A. (2010): Methylation at SLC6A4 is linked to family history of child abuse: An examination of the Iowa adoptee sample. American Journal of Medical Genetics Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics 153B(2); 710-713
  • *Gunter, T.D., Philibert, R.A., Vaughn, M. (2010): Behavioral genetics and psychopathy: A review of the recent literature, Behavioral Sciences & the Law 28(2); 148-173
  • *Beach, S.R.H., Brody, G.H. Todorov, A.A., Gunter, T.D., Philibert, R.A. (2010). Methylation at 5HTT mediates the Impact of child sex abuse on women’s antisocial behavior: An examination of the Iowa adoptee sample. Psychosomatic Medicine 73(1); 83-87
  • *Kaustubh, J., Frierson, R., Gunter, T.D. (2006): Shared psychotic disorder and criminal responsibility: a review and case report of folie à trois. Journal American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law 34(4); 511-518


  • “Behavioral Genetics in Aggression and Violence: Focus on MAOA” for 2013 GETEd Conference of the Personal Genome Education Project. Boston, Massachusetts.
  • "Mental Health Issues in Sexual Offending: Implications for Investigation." Roundtable. Indianapolis Metropolitan Police Department, Sex Offense Section
  • “Consumers, Patients, and Requests for Neurocognitive Enhancement: How Did We Get Here and What Do We Do?” Grand Rounds, Department of Psychiatry, IU School of Medicine
  • Neuroscience, Popular Culture, and Consumerism in Healthcare. Indiana Health Law Review Symposium Are We Willing to Trust Patients? Models of Responsibility, Consumerism, and Blame.
  • "Evidence Based Practice" and "DSM V: What’s In and What’s Out" 2013 Annual Meeting for Court Alcohol and Drug Program Staff. Indiana Judicial Center
  • "Brains, Popular Culture, Healthcare and the Physician." 53rd Annual Meeting of the American College of Legal Medicine, Las Vegas, NV
  • "Neuroscience and the Rhetoric of Responsibility." In Health Care, Health Law, and Rhetoric. Southeastern Association of Law Schools. Amelia Island, FL.
  • “Behavioral Genetics in the Courtroom.” Midwest Chapter of the American Academy of Psychiatry and Law. Saint Louis, Missouri.
  • “Behavioral Genetics Enters the Courtroom: Understanding Genetic Contributors to ASPD in the Legal Arena” and “International Perspectives on Psychiatry Advance Directives” 32nd Congress International Academy of Law and Mental Health, Berlin.
  • “Legal, Ethical, and Medical Perspectives on Psychiatric Advance Directives” in Current Issues in Mental Health Law. Southeastern Association of Law Schools Annual Meeting, Hilton Head, SC
  • “Research & Genetics in Behavioral Disorders.” A session for judges, presented at the 2011 Judicial Conference, Scottsdale, AZ
  • “Social Media: A Risky Business.” Panel. American Psychiatric Association. 164th Annual Meeting of the American Psychiatric Association, Honolulu, HI
  • “Biological Bases of Psychopathy – A Judge’s Guide.” Sentencing Conference for Missouri Judges. Lake of Ozarks, MO
  • “Expert Witness Testimony” workshop presented with Jane Turner, MD, pathology, at the National Leadership Judges’ Science Boot Camp. Sponsored by ASTAR and Saint Louis University School of Law.
  • “Behavioral Genetics and Antisocial Spectrum Disorders: The Long and Winding Road from Genes to Behavior.” Genomics, Medicine, and Discrimination: Second Decade Genetic Technologies’ Entry into American Courthouses. National Leadership Judges’ Science School. Sponsored by ASTAR (Advanced Science and Technology Adjudication Center) and The National Human Genome Research Institute, NIH. Bethesda, MD

Other Activities

  • *Consultant, R43, PI: Osborn. Project: Using DNA Methylation to Determine Recent Alcohol Consumption Patterns. Institute: BEHAVIORAL DIAGNOSTICS
  • Saint Louis University President’s Research Fund Recipient; Do Structural Rather Than Therapeutic Factors Determine the Placement of Offenders in Mental Health Courts? Awarded May 2011.
  • University of Iowa's Obermann Award for Interdisciplinary Research – awarded January 9, 2008 - “Consumers as Patients or Patients as Consumers? An Interdisciplinary Inquiry into the Evolving Relationship between Healthcare Providers and their Customers,” with Nicolas Terry, LLM. Role: Co-Investigator